||MAKARSKA THROUGH THE CENTURIES AND THE MILLENNIA
The town of Makarska is an interesting and dynamic tourist resort, but unfortunately
the historical events in the area which had succeeded one another
have destroyed or damaged the great part of the cultural monuments
in the region.
The Illyrians were the first to build their settlements. On the Casterius Roman empire map from the 4th
century, it is mentioned the port of Aronia and it is the first
record of Makarska. We find the name Muccurum in the documents
of the synode in Salona (533), in which period the town's diocese
In the beginning of the 7th cent. the area was settled
by the Slavonic tribes. They established Neretva Principality
and Makarska was its administrative centre. In the 12th century
the Principality was incorporated in the Croatian Kingdom, but
at the end of the 15th century it came under the Venetian rule.
Turks conquered the town at the end of the 15th century and they
surrounded it by walls with three towers which unfortunately haven't
been preserved. Up to the end of the 18th century the town was
under the town down in 1648. At that time Makarska came rules
of Venice or Turkey, and the late ones burnt the under the rule
of Austria. From 1805 to 1815 the town was under the rule of France
which was a short, but very favourable period because Makarska
experienced cultural, social and economic development. In 1815,
by Vienna congress, Makarska came again under the rule of Austria-Hungary
Between the twoWorld Wars, Makarska was getting the present-day appearance. There
were few attempts of industrialisation at that time, but agriculture,
trade and fishing have remained the main economy. In 1914 the
first hotel was built, the present "Osejava" which may
be considered as the beginning of the commercial tourism in the
area, along with the founding of Town Embellishment Association"
The town of Makarska has rich history and though many historical monuments are prove of importance of Makarska during history.
The Franciscan monastery (16th
century) houses a large library with numerous books and rare incunabula's
and a famous, world known collection of shells from all over the
world, presented in Malacological Museum founded in 1963.
most significant monuments in the main square are St. Mark's Cathedral
(17th century) and a statue dedicated to the friar Andrija Kacic-Miosic
(1704-1760), a popular national writer, author of "Pleasant
Conversation of the Slavonic People". The statue is the work
of the famous croatian sculptor Ivan Rendic.
Next to the cathedral there is a Venetian
drinking·fountain, built in 1775.
On the very coast there
is St. Philip's Church (18th century). St. Peter's church (from
the 13th century, situated on the homonymous peninsula, has been
rebuilt in 1993.
There is also Napoleon monument, erected in the
honour of the French Marshall Marmont in 1808 standing in the
western part of Makarska.
Other architectural sights that deserve
to be mentioned are the baroquepalace of the Ivanisevic family,
located in the eastern part of the old nucleus of Makarska, the
late baroque villa of the eminent Tonolli family which today houses
the Town Museum, and a multitude of richly ornamented facades
of family houses, mostly built in the times of Venetian rule.