QUALITY OF THE SEA
Tourism on the Adriatic is an excellent indicator of interdependence between nature (environmental) protection and created (anthropogenic) environment i.e. economic development. rational exploitation of unique natural resources and inherited values together with prevention of pollution and maintenance of biodiversity in the coastal belt of the Adriatic represent the chief potential of development of Croatian tourism.
The development of a variety of types of tourism in the Croatian Adriatic region has been most favoured by hydrogeological formation of the coastal relief, in which limestone and dolomite are predominant, enabiling formation of an extremely indented coast with many bays, covers, peninsalas and capes, creating a variety of contrasting and diversifying landscaped. The Croatian coast is not distinguished by large sandy beaches. The coast is mostly rocky. Sone marrow stips have shingle or pebble beaches, formed by the waves. Also, on some islands and along the coast there are some sandy beaches. The Adriatic has the following hydrographic features: seawater temperature suitable for bathing (the lower margin 18o C) during 4 to 5 months, reaching highest values in August (23.25o C) Salinity, one of the major features, is extremely high, reaching about 38 %. The salinity is important for aerosol concentration (highes in September and February) which is suitable for treatment of respiratory dieseases.
The Adriatic is an inland, calm sea, of high water transparency, which makes it very attractive.
All those who have already spent some time in Croatia, or have heard about it, most assuredly are acquainted with the fact that the Croatian sea is not just one of the most beautiful seas of the Mediterranean, but the cleanest as well, as the ADAC experts estimate. Its quality and environment protection are a matter of constant consideration, which is why the tourists rate very quality hioghly in all the evaluations of the Croatian tourism.
It is important to point out that the critera for determination of bathing waters quality are in compliance with standsards set by European Economic Community, and are even more rigorous than critera of the World Health Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme.
The investigations were carried out on the whole area of the Adriatic belonging to the Republic of Croatia on the sea samples taken from 732 permanent locations in 1996.
The result of this researches for quality of the northern part of Adriatic sea have been published in the Bulletin of the Observatory in Trieste for several years, in the frame work of co-operation with the Alpe-Adria working community, together with the results from the coastal zone of Italy (Venice and Trieste regions) and of Slovenia.
From the year 1993 the results of the investigations of the sanitary quality of the sea for the whole area of the Adriatic have been submitted to the German automobile organization ADAC, supplying its members with the information. Namely, this agency publishes the results of the researches into quality of the seas, rivers and lakes for bathing in European countries in its own publications with circulation of milion of copies. Owing to this fact, in the March issue for 1996 ADAC has brought out the test results of sanitary quality of the sea for the coastal and insular regions of the Adriatic within the Republic of Croatia, which is no doubt, regarding the results of this investigations, significant promotional asset of Croatian tourism.
Serious attention is being paid to education of inhabitants, so that the steps taken do not only aim at maintenance of the present ecological standards but at their improvement, too. And all this presents one more reason for the tourists to be concerned of the environmental protection in the localities where they temporarily dwell. The beauty of these places is most certainly one of the strongest reason for their visit to the Croatian part of the Adriatic, but equally it is the reason for comping here again.
(source: Croatia Tourist Guide, Lexicographic Institute Miroslav Krleza, Zagreb, 1998 & Welcome to Croatia, Tourist magazine, Croatian National Tourist Board)